Puppy litter Management

The puppies have arrived. They have been weighed and identified; they have nursed and are now sleeping quietly. Now what? Your job is not over yet, in fact, it’s really just beginning.

Nutrition and Feeding:

Mother’s appetite increase 2-4 times in 2-3 days so fulfill its nutrition. Puppies should nurse every 2 hours or so. If they nurse until their stomachs appear round and they sleep quietly, they are eating enough. If they are crying and moving a lot, they are not eating enough. Weigh puppies daily for first 2 weeks then weigh weekly to check weight gain. Puppies should weaned at 6 – 7 weeks of age.

Sanitation and Housebreaking:

          During and after whelping, the mother should be allowed to go outside to urinate and defecate during this check carefully it may drop out a more puppy. The whelping box needs to be changed at least once a day. When cleaning, check the consistency and color of the puppy stool. It should be brown and formed, but not overly firm.


            Temperature for first two days near puppies should be 85° F for 2-3 days then can drop to 80° F. temperature far aside from whelping box should be 70-75° F. If the puppies are scattered throughout the whelping box and away from the heat lamp, the temperature is too warm. If they are all piled on top of each other, it may be too cold.

Health of the Mother:

            Each mammary gland and nipple should be checked at least once a day for redness, hardness, discharge, or streaking color. Check the mammary glands of the mother daily for bite marks.  Check vulva for secretions that become darker and gone in 2-3 weeks.

Puppy Healthcare:

            Check for birth. Vaccinations are start at 6-7 weeks of age. Deworming for roundworms and hookworms start at 2 weeks of age and be repeated at 4, 6, and 8 weeks of age. A health check done by a veterinarian at 6-7 weeks of age before the puppies head for new homes.

Normal puppy development:

            The umbilical cord normally falls off within 2-3 days of birth. Puppies normally twitch and jerk while sleeping. The puppies crawl well by 7-14 days, walk at 16 days, and have a normal gait at 21 days. The puppies’ eyes will open around 12-15 days of age. The ears open at 14-17 days of age.

Puppy Socialization:

            Early socialization of the puppies will help them become confident and develop fewer behavior problems. The puppies should be exposed to everything possible situation.

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