Quick Guide to Check Three Phases of Rabies in Dogs

What is rabies?

Rabies is the name of a disease caused by Rabies viruses from the genus Lyssaviruses, which is transmitted through saliva or via the mucous membranes and blood. Rabies viruses can infect all mammals, especially carnivores such as dogs, cats, foxes, wolves, raccoons, ferrets and bats, as well as humans. The infection usually occurs through bite wounds or scratches.

Rabies is a deadly disease that always ends in death for the unvaccinated dog.

That means humans and animals can mutually infect each other with this disease.  Rabies occurs worldwide. However, measures related to how to Spot Rabies in Dogs like strict entry rules and quarantine have been eradicated in some countries. 

How is rabies transmitted in dogs?

The virus is mainly transmitted through the saliva of infected animals. The infection is usually caused by a bite. However, transmission by contact of the saliva with mucous membranes or superficial wounds is also possible. Other ways of transmission are still under discussion. As soon as the viruses reach the entry point, they migrate into the central nervous system (CNS) and the salivary glands. Then they spread further in the dog’s body. The incubation period for rabies in dogs is two to 24 weeks. How to Spot Rabies in Dogs time depends on the location of the entry point of the virus. The closer the bite wound is to the CNS, the faster the dog falls ill.

Rabies in dogs symptoms          

How do I recognize rabies in dogs?

The course of rabies comprises three phases, which can also overlap:
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Prodromal phase

The prodromal stage usually lasts a few days and is characterized by changes in behavior. Some dogs become anxious and restless, some become more sensitive to light and noise. Dogs who were previously reserved can become more trusting and attentive. Signs may also be increased salivation due to difficulty swallowing.

  1. Excitation phase

In the excitation stage, the “furious rage”, the dogs become more nervous, wild and easily excitable. They bite, attack or are disoriented. In addition, salivation and swallowing difficulties increase.

  1. Paralysis phase

In the third stage of rabies, the paralysis stage, the dogs suffer from paralysis, which changes into coma and death. However, not all affected animals go through these classic phases. In some animals, the prodromal phase goes straight to the paralyzing stage.

Diagnosis of rabies

A reliable diagnosis of How to Spot Rabies in Dogs can only be made on the dead animal. Several tests are usually used to diagnose the dead animal. In the live dog, only a suspected diagnosis can be made based on the symptoms and the medical history. Any unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated dog that salivates for no apparent reason or shows unclear neurological symptoms and changes in behavior is suspected of being rabies.

If a rabies infection is suspected, the veterinary office must be informed about further measures to combat epidemics. Rabies is a so-called notifiable animal disease.

Therapy for rabies in dogs

Can rabies be cured in dogs?

Treatment of rabies in dogs is prohibited. Attempting therapy in dogs is also prohibited due to the very high risk of infection in humans. The prognosis after the onset of the disease is also very poor in humans. If a rabies infection is suspected in the dog, the official veterinarian decides on the further procedure based on the rabies regulation.

Rabies prevention: rabies vaccination

So, how to Spot Rabies in Dogs? Since both the disease itself and the suspected infection with rabies can be fatal to the dog, vaccination against rabies in dogs is useful. In Pakistan, only inactivated vaccines are permitted for this. According to the Rabies Ordinance, dogs have effective vaccination protection if they are at least twelve weeks old when they receive the first vaccination. In addition, the vaccination must be at least 21 days ago. Finally, the necessary revaccinations must be carried out according to the recommendations of the vaccine manufacturer. A valid rabies vaccination is always required for dogs traveling abroad. You can vaccinate your pet in Lahore here.

With this measure you protect your dog and make a major contribution to minimizing the causative agent of rabies in the entire animal population.

“However if any human gets to interact or bit by a suspected rabid dog, immediate post bite shots are advised based on its zoonotic importance.”

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